additive white Gaussian noise

аддитивный гауссовский белый шум

Англо-русский словарь по компьютерной безопасности. . 2011.

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  • Additive white Gaussian noise — Explanation= In communications, the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel model is one in which the only impairment is the linear addition of wideband or white noise with a constant spectral density (expressed as watts per hertz of… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaussian noise — is noise that has a probability density function (abbreviated pdf) of the normal distribution (also known as Gaussian distribution). In other words, the values that the noise can take on are Gaussian distributed. It is most commonly used as… …   Wikipedia

  • White noise — is a random signal (or process) with a flat power spectral density. In other words, the signal contains equal power within a fixed bandwidth at any center frequency. White noise draws its name from white light in which the power spectral density… …   Wikipedia

  • Noise (audio) — Noise in audio, recording, and broadcast systems refers to the residual low level sound (usually hiss and hum) that is heard in quiet periods of a programme. In audio engineering, it can refer either to the acoustic noise from loudspeakers, or to …   Wikipedia

  • Noise shaping — is a technique typically used in digital audio, image, and video processing, usually in combination with dithering, as part of the process of quantization or bit depth reduction of a digital signal. Its purpose is to increase the apparent signal… …   Wikipedia

  • Noise measurement — is carried out in various fields. In acoustics, it can be for the purpose of measuring environmental noise, or part of a test procedure using white noise, or some other specialised form of test signal. In electronics it relates to the sensitivity …   Wikipedia

  • Noise figure — (NF) is a measure of degradation of the signal to noise ratio (SNR), caused by components in a radio frequency (RF) signal chain. The noise figure is defined as the ratio of the output noise power of a device to the portion thereof attributable… …   Wikipedia

  • Noise (electronics) — Electronic noise [1] is a random fluctuation in an electrical signal, a characteristic of all electronic circuits. Noise generated by electronic devices varies greatly, as it can be produced by several different effects. Thermal noise is… …   Wikipedia

  • Noise reduction — For sound proofing, see soundproofing. For scientific aspects of noise reduction of machinery and products, see noise control. Noise reduction is the process of removing noise from a signal. All recording devices, both analogue or digital, have… …   Wikipedia

  • Noise temperature — In electronics, noise temperature is one way of expressing the level of available noise power introduced by a component or source. The power spectral density of the noise is expressed in terms of the temperature (in kelvins) that would produce… …   Wikipedia

  • Noise (video) — For other uses, see Noise (disambiguation). On an empty channel, an analog TV receiver shows a snowy noise pattern. A similar pattern is shown if on a digital channel when not using a DTV converter box …   Wikipedia

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